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Gertrude Barrows Bennett

Also Known As: 
Francis Stevens
G.M. Barrows
Birth Date: 
September 18, 1884
Death Date: 
1948
Birthplace: 
Minneapolis, MN

Gertrude Barrows Bennett (1883–1948) was the first major female writer of fantasy and science fiction in the United States, publishing her stories under the pseudonym Francis Stevens. Bennett wrote a number of highly acclaimed fantasies between 1917 and 1923 and has been called "the woman who invented dark fantasy. " Among her most famous books are Claimed (which Augustus T. Swift, in a letter to The Argosy called "One of the strangest and most compelling science fantasy novels you will ever read") Swift was at one time thought to be a pseudonym of H.P. Lovecraft but this has been proven spurious - he was a real individual in Providence. (See below in section on Claimed for more detail). and the lost world novel The Citadel of Fear. Bennett also wrote an early dystopian novel, The Heads of Cerberus (1919).